MBA Strategy arrow TOEFL arrow TOEFL IBT Speaking Section. Второй тип вопросов

TOEFL IBT Speaking Section. Второй тип вопросов


Поскольку весь тест проходит у монитора компьютера и при наличии гарнитуры, данная секция не будет исключением. Все Ваши ответы будут записываться, чтобы потом их смог прослушать и оценить человек.

  

Данная статья посвящена второму типу вопросов из секции Speaking теста TOEFL IBT. Для того, что бы чувствовать себя комфортно на тесте получив этот вопрос предлагаю рассмотреть формат, структуру и пример ответа на данный вопрос.

 
Формат:
Перед каждым вопросом оратор объявляет о начале следующего вопроса и даёт к нему сопутствующие инструкции, которые имеют письменное сопровождение (Please Listen carefully; Now get ready to answer the question ). При этом у отвечающего есть 15 секунд на подготовку к ответу и 45 секунд на сам ответ. Время Вы не контролируете; программа сама запускает и останавливает таймер с обратным отсчётом. 

 
Далее Вашему вниманию предлагается список аналогичных вопросов данного типа. Это означает, что на тесте Вам могут дать или один из этих вопросов или похожий вопрос. Если Вы сможете ответить на каждый вопрос в этом списке, то на тесте со 2-ым вопросом у Вас не будет трудностей.  Вопросы разбиты по группам, 4 вопроса в каждой, так как они охватывают описания людей, места и разных сфер жизни.

 
1.    Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in?
2. Would you prefer to do an important college assignment as part of a team with other students, or individually on your own?
3. Some students get their best study done at night. Others prefer to study during the day. Which time do you prefer for getting study done?
4. Would you prefer to run your own private business or work for a large company with many employees?


5. Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer?
6. Would you prefer to go on a trip overseas to a new country with a companion you know, or just by yourself?
7. Some students go directly to the teacher with questions about their course work. Others prefer to ask their classmates first. Which do you prefer?
8. During your spare time, would you prefer to watch a movie or read a book?


9. Some students try to combine part-time work and study, while others prefer to study only and work later once their courses are finished. Which do you prefer? 

10. Would you prefer to go on a long trip by car or by train?
11. Some people like to stick to tasks they know they can do well. Others like to try new things and take risks. Which do you prefer?
12. Which kind of job would you prefer: a job that is uninteresting but has a high salary, or a job you really enjoy with a moderate salary?


13. Some people like to hurry and get things done as quickly as possible. Others prefer to take their time and get things done at a slower pace. Which do you prefer? 

14. Do you prefer friends who are intelligent, or friends who are reliable?
15. Some students try to do moderate amounts of homework on a daily basis. Others prefer to get their homework done in one go over 1-2 days. Which do you prefer?
16. If you went to study in a different country with a different culture, would you prefer to adapt yourself to the new culture, or concentrate more on maintaining your own culture?


17. Some people like to keep up with current news by reading newspapers. Others prefer to read about the news online. Which do you prefer? 

18. Would you prefer to do a course that involves lectures and tutorials onsite, or a course that is conducted online via distance learning?
19. When shopping, some people use brand names to help them decide what to buy. Other people go only by price. Which do you prefer?
20. Many universities offer intensive courses during the summer and winter periods. Would you prefer to take an intensive course durung the summer or the winter vacation period?


21. Some people like living in the center of cities close to downtown areas. Others prefer to live further out in the suburbs. Which do you prefer?
22. Some people give money as gifts to friends. Others try to give a specific kind of present. Which kind of gift do you prefer giving to a friend?
23. To find out about a course subject, would you prefer to go and ask a teacher about it, or talk to a student who has already taken the subject?
24. Some students like to use the library to do most of their research. Others prefer to do most of their research using the Internet. Which do you prefer?


25. Some people like to spend their leisure time outdoors, while others prefer to spend it indoors. Which do you prefer? 

26. Would you prefer to spend your vacation period at home with family, or go on a trip somewhere with close friends?
27. Some students prefer lectures where the teacher does all of the talking. Other students prefer classes where students are more interactive and contribute to the lesson. Which do you prefer?
28. Some students like to buy all their own books and keep them after their courses are finished. Others prefer to borrow course books and return them once the course is finished. Which do you prefer?


29. Some people like to get married and start a family while they are still young (under 30 years of age). Others prefer to wait until they are older to start their own family. Which do/would you prefer? 

30. Some students like to listen to music while they are studying. Others prefer a very quiet atmosphere for their study. Which do you prefer?
31. Would you like to spend most of your life living and working only in your own country, or would you prefer to spend some time living and working in a new country?
32. Some people enjoy hobbies or sports that are personal and individual. Others like hobbies or sports that involve groups of people. Which do you prefer?


33. Some people want to have specific instructions or directions when they try something new. Other people like to experiment and work things out for themselves. Which do you prefer?
34. Would you prefer to live in an apartment building, or a private house?
35. Some students like to make a specific study schedule for themselves, while others prefer to do their study only when they feel like doing it. Which do you prefer?
36. During discussions, some people like to lead the conversation and do a lot of the talking. Other people prefer to listen more and talk only when they have to. Which do you prefer?


37. For a group assignment, would you prefer to work with a new group of people whom you don't know all that well, or work with your close friends?
38. Some people like to keep a private diary which they don't show to other people. Other people like to start things like online blogs, where other people can read the posts and make comments about them. Which would you prefer to start - a private diary or an online blog?
39. Some students choose courses in order to get good jobs in the future. Other students choose courses that are very interesting to them, even if they don't always lead to good jobs. Which do you prefer?
40. Some universities are small and have only a couple of thousand students on campus. Other universities are very large and have many thousands of students enrolled. Which kind of university do you prefer?

Каждый вопрос из данного списка подразумевает выбор позиции. Проверяющим нет дела до того, какую сторону Вы примете, но важно сделали ли Вы свой выбор и смогли ли Вы его обосновать. При ответе на любой из этих вопросов Вы должны помнить, что в Вашем распоряжении 45 секунд. Обычный человек со средней скоростью речи успевает сказать в этот временной промежуток 5 предложений. 


Давай те же рассмотрим примерный ответ на 1 вопрос из 7 предложений, чтобы у каждого был выбор для формировния своего собственного шаблона:

 
1.    Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in?
Although some people enjoy living in a small town, I prefer a big city.
I can support my opinion by several points.
The first reason for my opinion is that any mega polis can provide more opportunities in career prospects. That is, one can easily find a job of various kinds.
Another reason is that in a big city people have a chance to get high education. It is important to have an academic degree.
Therefore, I strongly believe that a large town is more beneficial. 


Этот пример не идеальный, но достаточно не плохой. Фразы, выделенные курсивом, можно использовать как шаблон для любого вопроса из вышеуказанного списка.




Курсы TOEFL IBT в Киеве для поступления в мировые бизнес-школы
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